Blood is made up of four main components: red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasma. Platelets play a key role in the healing process because they release the growth factors necessary for healing damaged tissue. Plasma is merely the liquid component of blood that carries the red and white cells and platelets. The efficacy of certain growth factors in healing various injuries and the concentrations of these growth factors found within PRP are the basis for the use of PRP in tissue repair. The platelets collected in PRP are activated by the addition of thrombin and/or calcium chloride, which induces the release of these factors from alpha granules.
In recent years this new technology has come to the forefront and shows great results. Along with the benefit of using your own tissue for eliminating allergic reactions there is the added intrigue of mobilizing your own stem cells (growth factors) for your benefit. The benefits to you are Platelet Rich Plasma injections are the state of the art, non-surgical, medical procedure used for treatment of joint pain and tendon degeneration.
Joint Use of Platelet Rich Plasma
Platelet Rich Plasma – PRP – can be used in joint problems to reduce pain, improve joint function and delay and even stop the progression of joint degeneration. It is speeding healing in tendon and other musculoskeletal injuries and in problems like arthritis.
PRP is typically injected into the knee but can also be used in the shoulder, wrist or elbow. PRP delivers a high concentration of growth factors to arthritic cartilage or injured tendon which helps repair the tissue, stimulates tissue regeneration and promotes healing. Injection of PRP to the injured tendon provides the tendon tissue with healing growth factors that are otherwise difficult to deliver to the site because of the poor blood supply found in these areas.
Advantages of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) in Joint Pain and Musculoskeletal Injuries are:
- Simple, non-invasive procedure
- Single injection – Procedure takes approximately 30 minutes
- Safe and reliable results
- Very quick recovery
- Restoration of joint function and improvement in pain and stiffness